An Overview of Urology and Its Prevalence in Modern Medicine

The urinary tract in men and women comes with many intricacies that require the expertise of care of modern medicine. Urology is the medical field that focuses on the human urinary tract, in addition to the male reproductive system.

You’d be surprised to learn that the urinary tract considers many different body parts.

Some of these include the kidneys, bladder, urethra, and ureters. Each of these body parts plays an essential role in the storing, production, and elimination of urine from start to finish. This article will act as a general yet detailed overview of the medical specialty of urology.


Urology started to gain widespread recognition as a medical specialty in 1910. This field now has over 100 years of research, which is a leading factor in what is known about the urinary tract and male reproductive system today. It has also led to many treatments that people rely on, in addition to innovative modern medical practices.

Overall, urologists are able to tackle quite a few various health complications, some of which can be more common than others.

As with any illness or disease, there are many bodily factors regarding why someone may need to see a urologist.

A few medical areas in urology that are consistently being researched include the following.

The human body is a diverse and complex system, and urologists have to exude knowledge in every facet of the urinary tract and male reproductive system.

There are also a variety of roles considered in the field of urology. Different specialties within this field are able to tackle specific health concerns.

Although many people start with a general urologist, depending on their health condition, they may be transferred to a specialist.


The state of your health condition in the sense of urology will determine your path to treatment. Whether it’s an easy fix or requires a specialist, there’s a medical professional who carries expertise in the health issues you’re facing. Keep reading below to get a look at some of the more specific fields of expertise in urology.


With a primary focus on the male reproductive system, Andrology takes a look at penile reconstruction, including fertility restoration and preservation. Regarding erectile dysfunction, there are several non-invasive and invasive procedures available.

Endourology for Stone Disease

Kidney stones are much more common than you might think. With the help of the tools, services, and expertise associated with Endourology, minor and major cases of kidney stones can be alleviated. This field includes non-invasive and minimally invasive procedures.

Urologic Oncology

This particular specialty considers many different treatment options. Some of these treatments focus on bladder cancer, kidney cancer, penile cancer, prostate cancer, ureteral and renal pelvic cancers, and many others.

Men’s and Women’s Health Conditions

There are numerous health conditions in men and women that can be helped through many different urology treatments.

Conditions in men that can benefit from treatments in this field of medicine pertaining to voiding dysfunction, prostate cancer screening, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and urinary incontinence, to name a few.

For women, urologists can help with pelvic medicines, restoring urinary continence, urinary tract, and pelvic organs, and correcting pelvic organ prolapse.

These are just several general examples of how urologists can help, and many of these treatments can be crafted to each patient’s requirements.

Pediatric Urology

In some cases, children are also in need of a urology professional. Although many of these instances tend to be less common than in adults, urologists can provide many of the same services.

Voiding dysfunction, correct birth defects, and reconstruction of the urinary tract are a handful of examples.

The list of services and specialties associated with urology is vast, but those listed above provide a gist of what’s possible.

It also shows how unique the field of urology actually is. Next, it’s important to understand what tests and procedures are involved in this medical field.


The treatment of urological conditions rarely involves just a single doctor. It’s usually a collaborative effort between numerous medical professionals, each of which is capable of personalized treatment plans.

Through comprehensive and personalized care, patients suffering from urological conditions can receive the treatment they need in a timely manner.

Although we’ve covered some surface-level conditions related to urology, the medical field provides treatment for a long list of medical issues.

Some tests and procedures related to urology can include:

  • Bladder augmentation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Kidney reconstruction
  • Penile implants
  • Prostate ultrasound
  • Ureteral stent exchange
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Vasectomy
  • Urinary sling procedures

There are a number of urological procedures that can be much more complex than others, but urologists have the expertise and collaborative effort to get the job done.

The list of conditions that urologists can treat is very extensive and is a showcase of how far modern medicine has come.

Below is a list of urological health conditions that can benefit from the medical expertise of a urologist.

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Various cancers
  • Infertility
  • Kidney tumors
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Overactive bladder
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Stress incontinence
  • Ureteral obstruction
  • Vaginal fistula
  • And much more

Considering the human body’s complexities, some people have trouble discerning when they should seek help from a urologist.

Thankfully, there are several signs you can pay attention to that’ll let you know if a urologist is needed.

When Should You Visit a Urologist?

It can be challenging to pull the trigger on when is the right time to reach out to a urologist. Although some issues with the urinary tract and male reproductive system are relatively mild, it’s best not to take chances.

Many health conditions can become much worse in a short time frame, and you should always be proactive regarding your health.

Here are several indicators that you might need to see a urologist:

  • Frequent urination
  • Any kind of extensive pelvic pain
  • Random urination at night or when you exercise, cough, laugh, or sneeze
  • General trouble urinating, which may include a strong flow, cloudy urine, or even blood in the urine
  • Complications with getting or keeping an erection
  • Signs of infertility

These are a handful of examples of when a urologist may be needed. Since you aren’t a doctor yourself, getting a medical professional’s opinion will set you on the right path to healing your body.

Once again, some urology-related health conditions are pretty simple, while others can be life-threatening.

Regardless of your particular situation, you want to find the answers you’re looking for before your health is compromised any further.

What to Expect During Your Visit

There are several aspects you should be prepared for after you’ve set an appointment with your urologist. Aside from your particular health condition, you can expect to encounter a few procedural steps with your visit.

Your urologist will be more than prepared to provide their two cents on the state of your health, but you also want to prepare a few questions of your own.

It’s important to come ready with knowledge of your medical history, in addition to any current medications you might be taking.

It’s also quite common for urologists to order diagnostic tests, as these will help to accurately determine the state of your health. In turn, urologists can discern which path of treatment is best for your specific situation.

Physical examinations are also common, which could include pelvic exams for women and rectal exams for men.

You may encounter certain imaging tests. These could include CT scans or ultrasounds, and they provide detailed insight into the current state of your internal health.

Through a combination of diagnostic tests and clinical evaluations, urologists are able to determine the best course of action for your needs.

In some circumstances, urologists may work hand in hand with radiologists and other lab specialists to gather an accurate diagnosis of your health.

For the best treatment, these various approaches are necessary, and they can lead to the quickest recovery time possible.

Final Notes

Urology is a field of medicine that’s much more complicated than people think. The urinary tract of both genders and reproductive systems are complex all on their own.

It should also be highlighted that other aspects of the human body play a factor in urology, and a combination of treatments may be needed for certain patients.

Overall, your urological health shouldn’t be overlooked, and working with a urologist can deliver a detailed view of your health.